Plants that are often used in aquascaping are plants that are also often used in aquariums. Aquascape plants not only serve as decoration, but are often used as habitat for fish in an aquarium. Like land plants, aquascape plants require CO2 for photosynthesis.

A CO2 tube is placed next to the aquarium to supply CO2 to the plants in the aquascape. However, there are also some aquascape plants that can live without CO2.

In order for aquascape plants to live in fresh water without CO2, it is necessary to regularly change 30% of the water in the aquarium once a week. In addition, you also need to keep the aquascape temperature below 30°C.

For those of you who want to learn how to create an aquascape, here are five plants that are often used to decorate your aquascape.

1. Dwarven Baby Tears (Hemianthus callitrichoides): Aquascape Fans' Favorite Baby

Dwarf Baby Tears were introduced in the 2000s. Originally from Cuba, this aquascape plant's name came up in less than ten years. This plant is often used for aquarium carpets and is a favorite for aquascaping enthusiasts. A dwarf baby tear has small dense leaves.

This aquascape plant has a moderate growth rate and a low height. This plant needs relatively more light, but is still able to adapt to moderate light conditions. Therefore, if you want to use this plant for aquascaping carpet, you should always pay attention to light intake, CO2, and sufficient nutrient rich substrate so that you can get the best growth results for this plant.

2. Hygrophila Polysperma: A Legendary Aquascaping Plant

Hygrophila Polysperma has been widely used by aquascaping enthusiasts for many years to decorate aquariums. Unlike Dwarf Baby Tears, this plant does not require high light intensity.

This plant is very easy to care for, making it perfect for beginner aquascaping enthusiasts. Hygrophila Polysperma also does not need large amounts of CO2. In addition, Hygrophila Polysperma also includes plants that can live partly above the surface of the water and partly submerged (floating).

3. Windelove: The best choice for beginners

Windelove has a spiky tip and a unique shape, making it one of the most beautiful aquascape plants in the world. This plant can grow up to 20 cm in height with the same width.

Windelove is one of the best aquascape plants for both beginners and professional aquascapers because it is easy to care for. This plant also has strong self-protection, especially when tied to roots, branches or rocks.

4. Java moss: An alternative for aquascrapers who don't want to make maintenance difficult


Java moss is a plant belonging to the Hypnaceae family that originates from the region of Southeast Asia with the scientific name Taxiphyllum barbieri. This plant is relatively easy to care for as it does not require a lot of CO2 and high light intensity.

Like Hygrophila Polysperma, Java moss can be grown. At first glance, this plant looks like seaweed. However, the color of this plant is bright green, unlike algae, which are yellowish white in color. Java moss usually grows on driftwood or rocks.

5. Lilaopsis brasiliensis: your Aquascape freshener

Lilaeopsis brasiliensis is a carpet plant that can freshen up your aquarium floor. The carpet plant Lilaeopsis brasiliensis aquascape grows sideways. If you want a tall plant, you will need to adjust the lighting so that it is not too tall.

This plant can grow up to 5cm tall and quickly spreads across the bottom of the aquarium. If you are mixing this plant with other plants, you should prune this plant regularly. Because if left unchecked, lilaopsis can grow rapidly and interfere with the growth of other plants around.

So these are five plants that are often used to decorate aquascapes. what is your favorite?