You can easily find ferns around the house. You know, plants that bother because they cling to other plants are actually beneficial. For those who do not know, let’s get acquainted with the types of ferns and the benefits they bring.
Ferns are actually plants that float on top of other plants. This plant is often found in high altitudes, humid areas or during heavy rains. It should come as no surprise that ferns thrive in parts of Indonesia.
Although they do “cockerel”, almost all ferns do not “beg” their homeowners. This plant reproduces by seeds and flowers and still manages to survive with only one bud.
Features of Clove Plants
There are several signs by which these plants can be related to the class of ferns. Check out some of these features below!
It consists of vessels that transport xylem and phloem.
It has a wide range of sizes up to 6 m.
It consists of leaves, stem and roots.
There is no benefit to this.
It does not produce seeds.
It has fibrous roots.
Some species of ferns have female spores that are larger than the male.
It goes through the metagenesis phase.
Types of Nail Plants You Need to Know
There are at least 10 fern species that you can now recognize. Check out everything below, including the benefits you’ll get in life!
1. Psilophytes (bare nails)
The branches of this species are in the form of thorns. There is a sporangium at each end. These plants are nourished by symbiosis with fungi. Furthermore, bare ferns do not contain chlorophyll.
There are two types of bare ferns, Rhynia major and Psilotum. Its unique shape is often used for ornamental plants at home.
2. Lycopodiophyta (Wire Nails)
Wire plants have small leaves, wire-like stems, no stems, roots have branches, and have one bone. This type has leaves like a tongue that are tightly arranged like a spiral line. In the axillary trunk, there are sporangium that gather to form a cone.
Wire nails are also often used as ornamental plants in the yard of the house. Some people also refer to this plant as hair spikes. The species are Lycopodium clayatum and Selaginela sp.
3. Pteridophyta (True Nails)
Called true ferns because this plant has large leaves, stems, has many bones, and each leaf has a sporangium. This one plant also lives in its habitat, which is a place that is shady, damp, and has high rainfall. If you want to cultivate it, don’t forget to give it water every day.
Horsetail leaves are small, like membranes, and arranged like coral. The leaves are twisted, forming scales. If you look at it with one glance, you will see a horse’s tail like a cypress, hollow, with books, straight. You know, unique shapes can also be used as decorations in every corner of the house.
5. Equisetum Winter (Bamboo Wind)
You must have seen him on the banks of rivers or in swamps. The average size does not exceed 100 cm. Since their habitat is in water, you can keep them as ornamental plants on the banks of the pond. Believe it or not, this plant brings good luck to its owner.
Many people have used this nail plant for home decoration. The supplier can be planted directly into the ground in the yard or placed in a container and shaken. The bright green leaves give this plant its charm.
Keep it in a shady place for flowering and give frequent watering. Suppler does not like very strong sunlight.
7. Nephrolepis cordifolia (xiphoid spine)
This type of fern is said to be good for health. Sword nails are a decoction of insects which can also protect against colon cancer. The plant is also safe to consume and is a nutrient-rich green plant.
Thorns-swords have branched and lignified stems, and the leaves are veined. However, some species of swordfish do not have leaves at all.
8. Marsilia crenata (Water clover)
You can use aqueous alfalfa to treat cough, shortness of breath, urinary tract and tonsil infections, and to reduce liver function. The taste of alfalfa leaves is sweet and slightly tart. It can be drunk, previously boiled.
Water clover is also said to bring good luck. However, you should find water clovers in groups of four. They say that this type is rare and expensive.
9. Asplenium nidus L. (Bird’s Nest Nail)
The leaves of this plant are pointed at the ends. In addition, the edges are unevenly wavy. Rumor has it that bird’s nest nails are used to treat scabies and ease urination and defecation.
10. Platycerium bifurcatum (deer horn nails)
In fact, deer antlers are often an ornamental hanging plant. This plant has two colors: brown and green. Usually the brown color of the leaves becomes bigger and the green moves down.
This leaf can be used to treat ulcers, fever, onset of menstruation and inflammation of the uterus abroad. You can probably grow it at home now.
Here are some types of ferns that you can find and grow at home. Based on its benefits, perhaps fern could be a useful herbal remedy. If you believe in the legend that it brings good luck, that is probably the reason to start cultivating it now, right?