Hydroponics is a method of growing plants without using soil as a growing medium. This method of cultivation is especially preferred for urban areas with narrow land.
In this hydroponic technique, the role of the soil in providing nutrients is replaced by an AB Mix nutrient solution, which contains many of the nutrients that plants require. There are many types of hydroponic plants that can be grown, including the following.
1. Leafy vegetables can have high selling prices.
Leafy greens are the easiest plants to grow hydroponically. Some commonly used leafy vegetables include kale, mustard greens, celery, spinach and various types of lettuce. These leafy greens will be easy to care for, and the results may be better than with regular planting.
Before planting, the seeds of the plant are sown in the center of the planting and, when sown, maintain adequate nutrition. When the seeds are 4-7 days old, depending on the size of the vegetables, they are transferred to a hydroponic plant pot.
You can use a variety of growing media such as charcoal, rock wool or gravel, and they can also be planted vertically (animal farming) to save more space.
During plant care, nutrient solutions should always be administered by injection (drip system), NFT and EBB & Flow methods. The lifespan of each plant also varies according to our needs. For a young Cancun we can only harvest it at 30-45 days of age and for an adult Cancun it is usually 45-60 days old. Unlike vegetables like mustard greens, lettuce and spinach are usually harvested at around 30-40 days old so that the stems are not too old and rotten.
2. Vegetables, fruits and flowers can give satisfactory results.
Not only can you grow leafy vegetables with hydroponics, you can also grow fruit vegetables like tomatoes, hot and spicy peppers, and flowering vegetables like kale and broccoli. In cultivation, these fruit vegetables are not much different from leafy vegetables, the only difference is planting time, nutrient solution dosage, and fruit and flower vegetables use drip system (drip system) or wick system, so that the plant does not rot easily. Go .
3. Fruits with vertical water supply system can save space
It turns out that hydroponics can grow not only vegetables, but also fruits. Some of them are strawberry, watermelon, watermelon, and also cucumber, which can be one of the products grown in hydroponics. Selected fruit plants are fruit plants with short stems that can live on vines.
Large cambium stems such as mango, guava and carambola are very difficult to grow in hydroponics. This is because the roots and stems fall off easily if the planting medium used does not support growth.
4. Tubers do not know the season and planting time
Tubers such as potatoes, carrots and radishes can also be grown hydroponically. The best system to use is aeroponics because the nutrient solution will be regularly sprayed onto the roots of the plant so that the tubers can directly absorb the nutrients. Compared to traditional methods, hydroponic methods usually produce smaller tubers. But still, the quality of tubers obtained by hydroponics is also not low.
5. Ornamental plants are ready to decorate your water garden.
Who would have thought, ornamental plants can also be grown with hydroponics, one of which is by using hydrogel soaked in a nutrient solution. The use of this hydrogel will give its own uniqueness, especially if it is placed on the living room table with a glass vase.
Some ornamental plants that you can choose to place as decorative accents include mini bamboo, orchids to mother-in-law’s tongue. The hydrogel containing the nutrient solution will release the nutrients contained in it slowly according to the needs of the plant.
Those are the five types of plants that you can choose to cultivate hydroponically. Which of the five types of hydroponic plants do you like the most? Let’s plant plants from now on.