Rose is one of the most popular flowers in the world. Most people associate roses with love, but this beautiful flower is not just a way to express love.

Roses come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes and patterns. This makes it a truly versatile flower and a favorite in home gardens around the world.

To learn more about this flower, here are some interesting facts about roses that you may not have known.

1. One of the oldest flowers in the world

No wonder roses have been mentioned in literature and music for centuries. Archaeologists have found fossils of roses that are 35 million years old.

Even more amazing is that the oldest surviving rose is 1000 years old. This perennial rose grows on the walls of Hildesheim Cathedral in Germany.

2. You can eat

Rose petals are edible, and rose water (obtained by soaking rose petals in water) is often added to jellies or jams. The rose is also used as a flavoring agent in Indian and Chinese cuisine.

Pink plants also grow berry-like fruits called rose hips. The fruits can be orange, red, dark purple or even black.

Rose hips are rich in vitamin C and can be used in smoothies or dried to make a refreshing tea.

Unsplash/Nicole Lim Rose Illustration Rose Illustration Rose Bouquet Illustration

3. Rose fragrance is used in perfumery.

The distinctive scent of rose is a popular floral fragrance and is even used in many women’s perfumes. In particular, rose oil has been an important ingredient in the perfume industry for centuries.

The process of extracting rose oil from flowers requires a large number of roses. Only one gram of oil is produced from two thousand roses.

4. Each rose color has its own meaning.

There are over 10 beautiful rose colors and they all have their own meaning. Apart from the red rose, which symbolizes love and romance, the pink rose signifies elegance.

Meanwhile, the bright color of the yellow rose symbolizes friendship and happiness. White roses are a symbol of sympathy, which is why they are often seen at funerals.

However, white roses can also symbolize purity, spirituality, and innocence. Again, the orange rose symbolizes enthusiasm.


5. The rose is the national flower of the United States of America.

The rose is the national flower of the United States. In 1986, then US President Ronald Reagan declared the rose the national flower of the United States. Reagan did the same while standing in the White House’s famous Rose Garden. Various varieties of roses are also the official colors of the states of Georgia, Iowa, New York, North Dakota and Washington.