There are many types of freshwater aquarium plants suitable for decorating a home aquarium. It is advisable to choose green plants. Green plants generally don’t need a lot of direct sunlight. Too much sun will result in an overgrowth of algae, which will have a negative effect on the aquarium’s ecosystem.

Aquarium plants can also remove nitrates from the water and improve its quality. Aquatic plants also play a role in increasing the oxygen level in the aquarium and making it an attractive hiding place for fish.

Apart from their important role in the aquarium, plants can make your aquarium even more beautiful. There are three steps you need to know to decorate your aquarium with plants.

1. Choose the Right Plants

In the first step, you should choose a freshwater plant that is very popular and easy to care for. Freshwater plants have different light requirements and are sometimes difficult to care for.

Don’t worry though, there are some simple options for beginners that can give your aquarium the look you want. Look for plants classified as Echinoderms, Liliopsis, Chaos, or Abies.

After that, you can use leaf moss to decorate the bottom and front of the aquarium. Some types of freshwater algae that are easy to grow include Java algae, willow moss, and water wisteria.

Leaf moss is a plant that grows to such a size that it can be placed in front of an aquarium without disturbing other plants. Apart from this, moss also helps to keep the aquarium clean.

2. Location of Aquarium Components

In the second step, you need to place some auxiliary components in the aquarium. First, instead of sunlight, install a backlight to support plant growth. Plants need light for photosynthesis, which provides energy and nutrients.

You also need to pay attention to the amount of light required as each plant has different lighting requirements. Full spectrum fluorescent and LED aquarium lights can be good choices. In addition, plants can also receive light if the aquarium is placed near a window.

You will then need to isolate the new plants before placing them in the aquarium. New plants are more likely to carry pests such as snails or shrimp, which can be detrimental to aquarium health.

Then add a substrate that is harmless to the plant and cover with pebbles. Suitable substrates for plants make water cloudy when agitated. However, you can prevent this by painting it with gravel. After about a week, put the fish in the aquarium after the situation in the aquarium has stabilized.

3. Caring for Aquarium Plants


The last step you need to take is taking care of the plants you have in the aquarium. First, cut off any parts of the plants that grow above the surface of the water so they don’t rot. Some types of plants grow rapidly, so you may have to prune them. If the plant falls out of the tank, the part that emerges will die.

Secondly, clean the water every week to keep the aquarium clean and healthy. Plants do not require water changes like fish, but regular water changes can maintain the health and quality of aquarium organisms.

Remove any algae trapped on the sides of the aquarium. Then replace the extracted water with fresh water without chlorine.

Third, fertilize to accelerate growth and keep the plant healthy. Lastly, don’t let the semi-submerged plants dry out.

Like, it’s so easy, isn’t it?